Maa Durga Puja Samagri List and Vidhi
Maa Durga is the mother of the universe. She creates preserves and destroys everything in this world.
Durga eliminates the suffering from the devotee and protect them from the evil’s.
Goddess Durga is depicted as a warrior woman with eight hands carrying weapons of different kinds assuming mudras, (symbolic hand gestures) that represent her teachings.
• Chakra in her 1st upper right hand symbolizes dharma (duty/righteousness). We must perform our duty/responsibilities in life.
• Conch in her first upper left hand symbolizes happiness. We must perform our duty happily and cheerfully and not with resentment.
• Sword in her second right lower hand symbolizes eradication of vices. We must learn to discriminate and eradicate our evil qualities.
• Bow and arrow in her second left lower hand symbolizes character like Lord Rama. When we face difficulties in our life we should not lose our character (values).
• Lotus Flower in her third lower left hand symbolizes detachment. We must live in the world without attachment to the external world. Just like the lotus flower stays in dirty water yet smiles and gives its beauty to others. This is the only way to receive Her blessings.
• Club in her third right lower hand is the symbol of Hanuman and symbolizes devotion and surrender. Whatever we do in our life we do with love and devotion and accept the outcome as the Almighty’s will.
• Trident/Trishul in her fourth left lower hand symbolizes courage. We must have courage to eliminate our evil qualities and face the challenges in our life.
• Fourth Lower Right Hand symbolizes forgiveness and Her blessings. We must forgive ourselves and others for mistakes and/or any hurt we may have caused.
Durga Maa is depicted as riding on a lion or a tiger. A tiger symbolizes unlimited power. Durga riding a tiger indicates that She possesses unlimited power and uses it to protect virtue and destroy evil. The lion is a symbol of uncontrolled animalistic tendencies (such as anger, arrogance, selfishness, greed, jealousy, desire to harm others etc.) and Her sitting on it reminds us to control these qualities, so that we are not controlled by them.
She is usually shown wearing a red sari. The color red symbolizes action and the red clothes signify that She is destroying evil and protecting mankind from pain and suffering.
Durga's Three Eyes
Like Shiva, Mother Durga is also referred to as "Triyambake" meaning the three eyed Goddess. The left eye represents desire (the moon), the right eye represents action (the sun), and the central eye knowledge (fire).
Durga's Vehicle - the Lion
The lion represents power, will and determination. Mother Durga riding the lion symbolises her mastery over all these qualities. This suggests to the devotee that one has to possess all these qualities to get over the demon of ego.
Durga Pooja Preparation Guidelines & Check list
1) Samagri : Check all the Pooja samagri again as per the Samagri List and ensure all items are available.
2) Decoration: Tie the door hanging (Toran) to the main door. Decorate your main entrance with colorful Rangoli.
1) Pooja Setup Location :
a) Set up Pooja away from Kitchen as much possible to avoid the disturbance due to cooking, frying.
b) Place the Chaurang(Chowki/Bajot) at the center against a wall about 10 feet wide and clear
preferably east of west facing. If there is any furniture or other items kept against that wall shift
them elsewhere. Keep at least 4’x4’ space on the left side of the Pooja Setup for Panditji.
2) Samagri Arrangement : Keep all the Pooja samagri in different plates properly arranged on the right
side of the Pooja Setup.
3) Panchamrut/Charanamrit Recipe : Depending on number of guests attending, take one or two cups of
cold milk; add 2-3 tea spoons curd, 1 spoon honey, 1-2 spoons pure ghee & 1 spoon sugar and mix.
4) Pooja Decoration : Place 2 flowerpots/vases with assorted flowers at the 2 backside corners of the
Chaurang against the wall. Decorate the wall above Chaurang if you wish with decorated cloth, Christmas lights etc…
5) Pooja Setup on Chaurang:
a) In the center of the Chaurang place the Metal Kalash (Copper/Steel/Silver). Put handful of rice
grains below the metal Kalash
b) Fill the Kalash with water, just a little over half & add some Ganga Jal (Holy water of Ganges).
Place new cloth e.g. Blouse Piece or Handkerchief etc… around the kalash.
c) Place 5 betel nut leaves with the stems inside the Metal kalash & the ends outside kalash. Place a
Tamhan (Copper/Silver Plate) on the Kalash, fill it with rice grains and draw a “Swastik” 卐
symbol with kumkum in the middle and place one Beatle nut at the center of the Swastik.
d) Place the Bell (Ghanta) at the front left corner of the Chaurang and place the Conch (Shankha) on
the front right corner of the Chaurang. Keep some rice grains below the conch to make a proper
base for it.
Durga Pooja Preparation Guidelines
e) Keep the Lord Ganesh Murti in front of both the Kalash at the center and keep murti or coin or
photo of Lakshmi to the right side of Lord Ganesh. Keep Durga Murti on the left side of Lord
Ganesh. If you have a photo frame of Durga, hang it on the wall above the Chaurang or place it
near Chaurang at an appropriate place.
f) Keep all other deities as per your family tradition e.g. Kuladevata on or nearby the Chaurang at a
suitable place. Photos can be also placed on the wall if needed.
Arrangement around the Chaurang (Chowki/Bajot):
1) Place aluminum foil strips on the floor on all the 3 sides of Chaurang (front, left & right side) to protect your floor.
2) Keep one oil lamp (Samai) on the right hand side of the Chaurang on the foil. Use a small plate below Samai so that the oil will not spill outside.
3) Keep the Ghee Lamp (Niranjan) in a round metal plate (Pooja Thaali) which will be used for Aarti.
4) Keep the incense stick (Agarbatti) in a proper holder next to the ghee lamp on the right side of Chaurang. If anyone has smoke allergy, do not light the incense sticks.
5) Keep 5 coconuts with water in front of the Chaurang on the aluminum foil. Keep one Betel Leaf in front of each coconut with stem towards the coconut. Keep one dollar note folded on each leaf, keep one quarter coin on each dollar note, keep one Beatle Nut on each coin. Keep one triangular piece of dry coconut on each Beatle Leaf and keep a small piece of “Deshi Gud” i.e. Jaggery on each piece of dry coconut. Keep small quantity of 5 types of dry fruits like cashes nuts, almonds, resins, pistachio, dry dates etc… on each betel leaf.
6) Keep one Jug full of water near the Chaurang on right side. Keep a utensil or bowl to keep the used water.
7) Keep two seating mattresses in front of the Chaurang about 2 feet away from the Chaurang.
8) Keep at least 4’x4’ space on the left side of the Pooja Set up for Panditji.