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    Wednesday, October 21, 2015

    Pippalimoola powder for headache

    Pippalimoola powder for headache





    Headache is defined as a pain in the head or upper neck. Headache can be a symptom of an underlying serious disease or it can be a disease itself. Headache can be due to many causes. Common benign causes of headache include: migraine, refractory error, mental tension, sinusitis, flu, viral fever, typhoid, etc. Some of the serious and life- threatening causes of headache include cerebral haemorrhage, sub- arachnoid haemorrhage, intracranial space occupying lesions (tumour), acute and chronic meningitis, brain abscess, etc. Trigeminal neuralgia can be a difficult and intractable cause of headache though not life threatening. Sudden and severe headache associated with symptoms like high fever, vomiting, convulsion, visual symptoms, stiffness in the neck and loss of consciousness warrant urgent medical attention.

    Mild to moderate headache without any specificity can be managed with simple remedies such as Pippalimoola, which is specifically documented for the management of headache in Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia, Ayurvedic formulary and in various classical texts.

    Pippalimoola (Root of Piper longum Linn.)
    Pippalimool means roots of Pippali (long pepper) plant. The roots are perennial, woody, and aromatic and are used in powder form with warm water, milk or preferably with ghrita (clarified butter). Many references regarding the therapeutic use of Pippalimoola are available in ancient classical Ayurvedic texts for its carminative, antispasmodic and sedative actions. Use of ghrita with Pippalimool is emphasized because of its ability to negate hot and dry properties of Pippalimool and facilitate drug action for alleviation of vitiated Vata dosha, which is





    Traditional Herbal Remedies for Primary Health Care
    considered as the underlying bio-humour responsible for the causation
    of headache. Ghrita is also known to be beneficial for mental faculties and recommended for use alone or with medicinal formulations for psychological problems including stress-induced headache, disturbed sleep and impaired mental concentration.

    Composition

    Pippalimoola powder consists of roots of Pippali

    English name
    Long Pepper
    Latin name
    Piper longum Linn.
    Family
    Piperaceae
    Part used
    Fruit

    A flowering Pongamia pinnata branch Dried Pongamia pinnata fruits with pods. and seeds.

    Main chemical constituents1
    Alkaloids (Piperine, Piperlongumine, Piperlonguminine, etc.), essential oils.

    Quality standards1


    Foreign matter
    Not more than 2%
    Total ash
    Not more than 5.5%
    Acid-insoluble ash
    Not more than 0.2%
    Alcohol-soluble extractive
    Not less than 4.0%
    Water-soluble extractive
    Not less than 12%
    Method of preparation

    1. Take 40 grams of dried roots of Pippali. Dry it further for
    removing moisture for easy powdering. Roots should not have been collected more than one year ago.
    1. Grind the roots in a grinder or pulverizer till fine powder is obtained.
    2. Filter the powder through mesh size 85.
    3. Keep the powder in a dry and air-tight plastic or glass container.

    Dosage form

    Reddish-brown to creamy-grey bitter powder.

    Therapeutic properties2

    The roots of Pippali have thermogenic, tonic, diuretic, purgative expectorant, anthelmintic, stomachic, digestive, emmenagogue, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, central nervous system stimulant, antispasmodic, and analeptic properties.

    Indication and uses

    Headache, insomnia, cough, cold, and chronic bronchitis.

    Dose and mode of administration

    Dose of the powder for adults is 2 to 3 grams and for children it is 250 mg to 500 mg, to be taken twice daily, preferably on an empty stomach mixed with 3 to 5 gm of ghee or butter or honey and followed by warm water or milk.

    Precautions and safety aspects

    1. No toxic effect or adverse reaction is reported with recommended dose of Pippali root powder.
    2. Pippali root should be used with caution in the first trimester of pregnancy. However, it is safe for the baby if a nursing mother is taking this medication.










    Traditional Herbal Remedies for Primary Health Care
    (3) Pippalimool is hot in nature, so should be used with caution in
    summer and by hot temperament individuals and menstruating women.
    (4) During medication with Pippalimool, diet should be simple, easily digestible and free from spicy and pungent-bitter-astringent food items.

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    Item Reviewed: Pippalimoola powder for headache Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Holy Krishna
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