Unlike other Hindu festivals which follow the lunar motion, Makar Sankranti follows the movement of the sun. It marks the beginning of the sun’s transition into the zodiac of Capricorn (Makar=Capricorn, Sankranti= transition). This makes it the only festival to fall on a fixed date every year – January 14th.From this day, the bright day starts becoming longer and the dark night starts becoming shorter. This is the day winter officially ends and spring begins – a transition symbolic of discarding the previous season’s bad and the beginning of a fresh new season.
Uttarayana is referred to as the day of new good healthy wealthy beginning. It is a festive day all over India. Each region celebrates its own local form of this festival. In the western parts of India it is called the “Makar Sankranti”.
Uttarayana is referred to as the day of new good healthy wealthy beginning.
HOW TO CELEBRATE MAKAR SANKRANTI
Maximum use of sesame seeds is made during Sankranti festival. People bathing with water containing sesame seeds and eating and distributing sesame seeds laddo offering sesame to Brahmans, lighting lamps of sesame oil in a temple of Shri Shiva and performing pitrushraddh in which an offering of sesame seeds is made.Importance of sesame seeds according to Ayurveda: Since Sankranti falls in winter, consuming sesame seeds is beneficial.
WHAT SHOULD WE DO ON MAKAR SANKRANTI
We should start our day by offering holy water & cow’s milk to God Sun in a copper utensil and chanting this mantra ( ऊँ घृणि सूर्याय नम:).Adding red colour flowers to the water is more auspicious.
One gets great health benefits if one worships Sun God. Have a sun bath on this day. Cover your head and lie down on the ground at a time when the sun rays are mild. Sun bath is very useful in laying position. Sunbath cures many known & hidden diseases. Taking a glass of lukewarm water before sunbath & bath with cold water after sunbath.
IMPORTANCE OF DONATION ON THIS DAY
According to the scriptures the donations on this day are known to come back by a hundredfold. If you want the luck to be with you then donate blankets, warm clothing, butter, cereals - rice porridge holy books etc.